This article was originally published here
Cancers (Basel). 2021 Mar 26;13(7):1524. doi: 10.3390/cancers13071524.
The optimal diagnostic and treatment strategies for prostate cancer (PCa) are constantly changing. Given the importance of accurate diagnosis, texture analysis of stained prostate tissues is important for automatic PCa detection. We used artificial intelligence (AI) techniques to classify dual-channel tissue features extracted from Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) tissue images, respectively. Tissue feature engineering was performed to extract first-order statistic (FOS)-based textural features from each stained channel, and cancer classification between benign and malignant was carried out based on important features. Recursive feature elimination (RFE) and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) methods were used to identify significant features, which provided the best five features out of the extracted six features. The AI techniques used in this study for binary classification (benign vs. malignant and low-grade vs. high-grade) were support vector machine (SVM), logistic regression (LR), bagging tree, boosting tree, and dual-channel bidirectional long short-term memory (DC-BiLSTM) network. Further, a comparative analysis was carried out between the AI algorithms. Two different datasets were used for PCa classification. Out of these, the first dataset (private) was used for training and testing the AI models and the second dataset (public) was used only for testing to evaluate model performance. The automatic AI classification system performed well and showed satisfactory results according to the hypothesis of this study.